Audience versions of this page: FamilyOn June 9, 1856, the first wave of Mormon “handcart pioneers” began their journey west. More than 200 men, women, and children departed from Iowa City, Iowa, on a trek of more than 2,000 kilometers (1,300 miles) to Salt Lake City, Utah.The pioneers were immigrants from England, Wales, and Scotland, seeking a better life in the established Mormon community in Salt Lake City. Many were poverty-stricken and could not afford the wagons and pack animals many western pioneers had.To accommodate them, church leaders in Utah designed two-wheeled, wheelbarrow-like carts that could be pushed or pulled. Each cart could carry about 200 kilograms (450 pounds). Eventually, more than 2,000 handcart pioneers journeyed west.The handcart pioneers have become a symbol of Mormon identity. One folk song based on the handcart exodus contains the lines:Ye saints who dwell on Europe's shorePrepare yourselves for many more,To leave behind your native land,For sure God's judgments are at hand.For you must cross the raging mainBefore the promised land you gain,And with the faithful make a start,To cross the plains with your handcartFor some must push and some must pull,As we go marching up the hill;So merrily on the way we goUntil we reach the Valley-o.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry accommodate Verb
to provide or satisfy.
group of organisms or a social group interacting in a specific region under similar environmental conditions.
to form or officially organize.
the movement of a large number of people, often from their home country.
how a person defines themselves, or how others define them.
person who moves to a new country or region.
voyage or trip.
member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a Christian church founded in the U.S. in the 19th century.
pack animal Noun
domesticated animal used by humans for transporting goods.
person who is among the first to do something.
status of having very little money or material goods.
road constructed with metal tracks on which trains travel.
path or way.
something used to represent something else.
journey, especially across difficult terrain.
wheeled vehicle pulled by horses or other beasts of burden.