On June 24, 2012, a 100-year-old, 91-kilogram (200-pound) tortoise nicknamed Lonesome George died in captivity. With the death of Lonesome George, the entire Pinta Island tortoise species went extinct.Pinta Island tortoises used to thrive on Pinta Island, one of the 18 Galapagos Islands, an archipelago off the coast of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean. In the 1950s, settlers introduced goats to the island. The goats outcompeted the tortoises for the same vegetation. In 1972, Lonesome George was relocated to a research station on nearby Santa Cruz Island to spend the rest of his life.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry archipelago Noun
a group of closely scattered islands in a large body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: archipelago captivity Noun
confinement or imprisonment.
edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: coast conservation Noun
management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
Encyclopedic Entry: conservation extinct Adjective
no longer existing.
introduced species Noun
a species that does not naturally occur in an area. Also called alien, exotic, or non-native species.
body of land surrounded by water.
Encyclopedic Entry: island Lonesome George Noun
last surviving Pinta Island tortoise.
one of a breeding pair of animals.
to perform better than another at the same task.
animal kept as a helper or companion.
to move a residence or business from one place to another.
research station Noun
structure or structures built for scientific study of the surrounding region, possibly including residential and lab facilities.
person who migrates and establishes a residence in a largely unpopulated area.
group of similar organisms that can reproduce with each other.
something used to represent something else.
to develop and be successful.
land-based turtle, usually with a tall, rounded shell.
all the plant life of a specific place.
place where animals are kept for exhibition.
Encyclopedic Entry: zoo