On June 23, 1972, Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments went into effect, prohibiting gender discrimination in all educational programs that receive federal funding. Although still commonly called “Title IX,” the law was later named the Patsy Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act, after its co-author and sponsor in the House of Representatives, Rep. Patsy Mink (D-Hawaii).Although Title IX mandates equality in all federally funded education programs, its most famous impact has been on high school and college sports. Girls’ athletic programs covered by the law are required to have comparable equipment, facilities, practice time, travel expenses, locker-room space, and medical services.The results of Title IX include a phenomenal increase in the number of girls and women participating in school sports, which has been linked to greater success in the classroom. President Barack Obama, writing in support of Title IX, reflected: “Today, thanks in no small part to the confidence and determination they developed through competitive sports and the work ethic they learned with their teammates, girls who play sports are more likely to excel in school. In fact, more women as a whole now graduate from college than men. This is a great accomplishment—not just for one sport or one college or even just for women but for America. And this is what Title IX is all about.”
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry accomplishment Noun
unique achievement, or something done well.
civil rights Plural Noun
set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.
belief or trust in something.
resolve or willpower.
treatment based on a group to which a person belongs, not the person himself.
tools and materials to perform a task or function.
to do very well.
having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).
money or finances.
physical, cultural, and social aspects of sexual identity.
to receive a degree or diploma from an educational institution.
command, order, or authorization.
to disallow or prevent.
work ethic Noun
dedication to a job or project.