• On June 20, 2001, the United Nations first recognized World Refugee Day, drawing attention to displaced people around the globe.
     
    There are five major categories of displaced people. A refugee is defined as “someone who fled his or her home and country owing to ‘a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion’.” Refugees may also be forced to flee their homes by natural disasters such as floods. Asylum-seekers claim the same persecution as refugees, but their refugee status has not been evaluated in the country to which they fled. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) have not left their country, but have been forced to move to a different region or refugee camp within it. Stateless persons do not have a recognized nationality or home country. Returnees are former refugees who have returned to their home country.
     
    The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has marked World Refugee Day with a “1” campaign theme. In 2013, the theme was “Take 1 Minute to Support a Family Forced to Flee.” In 2010, it was “1 Refugee Forced to Flee is Too Many.”
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    asylum-seeker Noun

    immigrant who has applied for, but not yet received, refugee status.

    displace Verb

    to remove or force to evacuate.

    evaluate Verb

    to decide something's worth.

    internally displaced person Noun

    someone forced to leave their local area, who has not left the country.

    nation Noun

    political unit made of people who share a common territory.

    Encyclopedic Entry: nation
    persecution Noun

    process of discriminating against and, often, violently confronting a group of people based on their ethnicity, religion, or beliefs.

    recognize Verb

    to identify or acknowledge.

    refugee Noun

    person who flees their home, usually due to natural disaster or political upheaval.

    refugee camp Noun

    temporary shelters built for immigrants who have fled their homes due to environmental or social conflict.

    refugee status Noun

    official legal status of a person who has fled their home region for asylum in a host country, which is expected to provide civil rights, the right to work, and access to social services.

    region Noun

    any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

    Encyclopedic Entry: region
    United Nations Noun

    international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.

    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Noun

    United Nations agency whose goal is to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another country, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally, or to resettle in a third country.