On June 18, 1815, troops of the Seventh Coalition under the command of British Field Marshall Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, defeated Napoleon Bonaparte's Imperial French Army at the Battle of Waterloo, Belgium. The Seventh Coalition was a loose alliance of Prussian, German, Dutch, Belgian, and British interests. After the defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon was permanently exiled by France, and spent his final years on the small island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.

 

Waterloo put a decisive end to the Napoleonic Wars that had spread throughout Europe in the early 19th century. Napoleon had essentially conquered much of mainland Europe years earlier, only to fall to the Russian winter in the disastrous invasion in 1812. After Waterloo, no major conflict broke out in Europe until the Crimean War, nearly 40 years later.

alliance
Noun

people or groups united for a specific purpose.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

Crimean War
Noun

(1853-1856) conflict between the Allies (France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia) and Russia.

decisive
Adjective

able to make decisions with certainty.

disastrous
Adjective

very bad.

essentially
Adverb

basically or in general terms.

invasion
Noun

an attack or move to take possession.

Noun

body of land surrounded by water.

Napoleon Bonaparte
Noun

(1769-1821) military general and emperor of France.

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