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On June 11, 323 BCE, Alexander the Great died in Babylon, in what is today Iraq. Alexander was a king of Macedon, a region in what is today northeastern Greece. Only 33 at the time of his death, Alexander spent his brief reign expanding his empire from the Mediterranean basin to the banks of the Indus River.
 
As Alexander and his army conquered much of southwestern Asia, they influenced local traditions. Historians have called this process Hellenization, after the Greek word for Greece, Hellas. Greek culture—including artistic styles, language, urban planning and architecture, and military organization—remained a part of western Asia and the eastern Mediterranean for more than 1,000 years.
 
The magnitude of Alexander’s conquest is still evident in the names of more than 20 cities named after him. These cities include Alexandria, Egypt; Kandahar, Afghanistan; Iskandaria, Iraq; and Bucephala, Pakistan—which Alexander named after his horse.
Noun

(356-323 BCE) Greek ruler, explorer, and conqueror.

architecture
Noun

style and design of buildings or open spaces.

bank
Noun

a slope of land adjoining a body of water, or a large elevated area of the sea floor.

conquer
Verb

to overcome an enemy or obstacle.

culture
Noun

learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.

empire
Noun

group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.

evident
Adjective

clearly understood.

expand
Verb

to grow or get larger.

Hellenization
Noun

process of adopting Greek culture, traditions, or language.

influence
Verb

to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.

king
Noun

male monarch.

magnitude
adjective, noun

relative size or amount.

Mediterranean basin
Noun

land that surrounds the Mediterranean Sea.

military
Noun

armed forces.

process
Noun

continuous action, operation, or series of changes taking place in a defined manner.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

reign
Verb

to rule as a monarch.

tradition
Noun

beliefs, customs, and cultural characteristics handed down from one generation to the next.

urban planning
Noun

process of creating or improving the natural, built, economic, and social environments of urban areas. Also called city planning.