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On July 9, 1877, the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club (AELTC) began its first championship tournament. The home of the AELTC is the London suburb of Wimbledon, and the competition quickly assumed the suburb’s name. Today, Wimbledon is the most prestigious tennis tournament in the world.
 
Wimbledon is also the oldest tennis competition, and the only major tournament still played on grass. Other events are held on “hard courts” (made of rubber and plastic) and “clay courts.” 
 
The first Wimbledon Championship had only one competition, a men’s singles event. It was won by British athlete Spencer Gore. Today, Wimbledon has five main events: men’s singles and doubles; women’s singles and doubles; and mixed doubles, which features teams of men and women. The athletes with the most Wimbledon titles (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) are both women—Czech-American player Martina Navratilova and American player Billie Jean King, each with 20 titles.
assume
Verb

to take on a quality associated with something else.

clay
Noun

type of sedimentary rock that is able to be shaped when wet.

plastic
Noun

chemical material that can be easily shaped when heated to a high temperature.

prestigious
Adjective

having a good reputation.

rubber
Noun

natural or man-made chemical substance that is tough, elastic and can resist moisture.

suburb
Noun

geographic area, mostly residential, just outside the borders of an urban area.

tournament
Noun

competition.