On July 5, 1811, Venezuela declared its independence from Spain. Venezuelan colonists rebelled against high taxes and a lack of self-rule. The colonists claimed independence as Napoleon invaded Spain, which threatened Spain’s ability to govern its colonies in the Americas. Although Venezuela declared independence, Spain resisted. The war for self-government continued for more than a decade.

By the 20th century, most Latin American countries had gained independence from colonial powers. Today, the French overseas region of Guiana is the only remnant of European political power in the region.

decade
Noun

10 years.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

independence
Noun

state or situation of being free.

invasion
Noun

an attack or move to take possession.

monarchy
Noun

system of government in which national power is invested in one person, usually a king or queen.

prevent
Verb

to keep something from happening.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

remnant
Noun

something that is left over.

tax
Noun

money or goods citizens provide to government in return for public services such as military protection.