On July 5, 1950, the Knesset passed the “Law of Return.” The Knesset is the Israeli parliament, or legislature. The Law of Return allows all Jews the right to live in Israel and gain citizenship.The Law of Return is a critical part of Israel’s identity as a Jewish state. "Every Jew has the right to come to this country as an oleh,” the law states. An oleh is a Jew who has immigrated to Israel. After the Holocaust, hundreds of thousands of Jews emigrated from Europe and the former Soviet Union. In the decades that followed, thousands more migrated from the Americas (mostly the U.S. and Argentina), Africa (mostly Ethiopia and South Africa) and Asia.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry ancestry Noun
family (genealogical) or historical background.
member of a country, state, or town who shares responsibilities for the area and benefits from being a member.
to change or to be changed.
to move from one's native land to another.
to grow or get larger.
(1933-1945) attempted genocide of the Jews of Europe, led by Nazi Germany. Also called the Shoah and the Final Solution.
how a person defines themselves, or how others define them.
to move to a new place.
religion based on the holy book of the Torah and the teaching surrounding it.
Israeli parliament (single house).
law of return Noun
Israeli law allowing Jews from all over the world to emigrate to Israel and establish citizenship.
group of people, usually elected, who make and change laws.
to move from one place or activity to another.
legislature, usually a democratic government's decision-making body.
Soviet Union Noun
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.
political unit in a nation, such as the United States, Mexico, or Australia.