On July 31, 30 BCE, troops supporting Egyptian Pharaoh Cleopatra and Roman General Mark Antony narrowly defeated the forces of Roman General Octavian in the Battle of Alexandria, Egypt. This was one of the final battles in a civil war that had torn the Roman Republic for more than a century.Although Cleopatra and Mark Antony won the initial Battle of Alexandria, Octavian quickly launched a second assault and soundly defeated the duo. Both Cleopatra and Mark Antony committed suicide, and Octavian made Egypt a Roman province.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry assault Noun
violent encounter during a conflict.
civil war Noun
conflict between groups in the same country or nation.
(69-30 BCE) queen and last reigning pharaoh of ancient Egypt.
to carry out a plan.
to overcome an enemy or obstacle.
having to do with a government led by its citizens, who vote for policies and/or representatives.
ruler of an empire.
limited or barely successful.
ruler of ancient Egypt.
Encyclopedic Entry: Pharaoh province Noun
division of a country larger than a town or county.
Encyclopedic Entry: province republic Noun
system of government where power rests in citizens who vote and representatives who stand for those citizens. The United States is a republic.
Roman Empire Noun
(27 BCE-476 CE) period in the history of ancient Rome when the state was ruled by an emperor.
to guarantee, or make safe and certain.
intentional taking of one's own life.
to win or be successful.
success or triumph.