On July 21, 1970, engineers completed the Aswan Dam in southern Egypt. The Aswan Dam was an enormous project, lasting more than 10 years and costing more than a billion dollars.The Aswan Dam controls the flow of the Nile River. The dam protects people living near the banks of the Nile from both floods and drought. The constant, regulated flow of water helps farmers irrigate their crops all year. The structure is also a hydroelectric dam, providing electricity used in homes, schools, businesses, and hospitals throughout Egypt.The Aswan Dam created a huge reservoir, called Lake Nasser. Lake Nasser and expansion of the Nile behind the dam displaced more than 50,000 people in Egypt and Sudan. The dam also drowned priceless archaeological sites. The Egyptian government famously relocated features from one of these sites—colossal monuments of Pharaoh Ramses II—to a nearby hill before the site was flooded.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry agriculture Noun
the art and science of cultivating the land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching).
Encyclopedic Entry: agriculture archaeological site Noun
place where evidence of the past is being studied by scientists.
person who studies artifacts and lifestyles of ancient cultures.
a slope of land adjoining a body of water, or a large elevated area of the sea floor.
gigantic or huge.
unchanging or continuous.
Encyclopedic Entry: crop dam Noun
structure built across a river or other waterway to control the flow of water.
small part of a larger organism, activity, or product.
to remove or force to evacuate.
period of greatly reduced precipitation.
Encyclopedic Entry: drought electricity Noun
set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge.
person who plans the building of things, such as structures (construction engineer) or substances (chemical engineer).
process of enlarging.
non-portable archaeological remains, such as pyramids or post-holes.
overflow of a body of water onto land.
Encyclopedic Entry: flood government Noun
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
hydroelectric dam Noun
structure built across a river or other waterway that generates electricity by controlling the flow of water that passes through it.
science and methods of keeping clean and healthy.
activity that produces goods and services.
large structure representing an event, idea, or person.
to determine and administer a set of rules for an activity.
to move a residence or business from one place to another.
natural or man-made lake.
Encyclopedic Entry: reservoir temple Noun
building used for worship.