On July 2, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, calling on U.S. citizens to “eliminate the last vestiges of injustice in America.” The act became the most sweeping civil rights legislation of the century.The Civil Rights Act provided legal recourse for discrimination in schools, public facilities, and conflict resolution. Its section on voting rights was strengthened a year later by the Voting Rights Act.Although majorities in both parties supported the Civil Rights Act, its passage altered the political loyalty of many areas in the South, where opposition to the law was strongest. The South had traditionally supported the Democratic Party, but became a Republican stronghold within 20 years of the act’s passage.“I know the risks are great, and we might lose the South, but those sorts of states may be lost anyway,” said Johnson, a native Texan.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry alter Verb
member of a country, state, or town who shares responsibilities for the area and benefits from being a member.
civil rights Plural Noun
set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.
conflict resolution Noun
theory and practice of bringing peaceful end to conflicts.
treatment based on a group to which a person belongs, not the person himself.
allowed by law.
law, legal act, or statute.
faithfulness or consistency.
having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.
available to an entire community, not limited to paying members.
access to help or protection.
loosely defined geographic region largely composed of states that supported or were sympathetic to the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the U.S. Civil War.
overwhelming and wide-ranging.
historically, or established by custom.
hint or trace evidence.
voting rights Noun
issues surrounding the legal right and ability to campaign and cast a vote in political elections.
Voting Rights Act Noun
(1965) American legislation outlawing practices designed to prevent eligible voters from voting.