Audience versions of this page: FamilyOn July 19, 64 CE, a fire started in the enormous Circus Maximus stadium in Rome, now the capital of Italy. When the fire was finally extinguished six days later, 10 of Rome’s 14 districts were burned.Ancient historians blamed Rome’s infamous emperor, Nero, for the fire. One historian said Nero was playing the fiddle while his city went up in flames. Other historians say Nero wanted to raze the city so he could build a new palace. Nero himself blamed a rebellious new cult—the Christians.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry ancient Rome Noun
civilization founded on the Mediterranean Sea, lasting from the 8th century BCE to about 476 CE.
city where a region's government is located.
Encyclopedic Entry: capital Christian Noun
people and culture focused on the teachings of Jesus and his followers.
to build or erect.
system of spiritual or political devotion, usually derided by more mainstream organizations.
to ruin or make useless.
ruler of an empire.
to surround or submerge.
to put out a fire or flame.
to play a stringed instrument, or the stringed instrument itself.
person who studies events and ideas of the past.
having a very bad reputation.
large home or mansion, often the home of a leader or dignitary.
to destroy completely, especially by tearing down.
rebel noun, adjective
person who resists the authority of government.
area of a city that is crowded, often lacking basic services such as electricity or sewage, and inhabited by poor people.
large structure, often used for sports or other entertainment events, with a central event area surrounded by raised seats for viewers.
building used for worship.