On July 18, 1936, troops under the leadership of General Francisco Franco began an uprising against the democratically elected government of Spain. This revolt quickly escalated into a civil war. The Spanish Civil War is sometimes called a prelude to World War II.Many foreign powers supported different sides of the Spanish Civil War. Republicans, who supported the overthrown democratic republic, were supported with munitions and money from the Soviet Union and Mexico. Volunteers, nicknamed the International Brigades, came from countries including Ireland, France, Poland, Canada, and the United States. (The group from the U.S. called themselves the “Abraham Lincoln Brigade.”) Many celebrities, such as British writer George Orwell and American novelist Ernest Hemingway, supported the Republican cause.Germany and Italy supported Franco’s Nationalists. International volunteers from France, Portugal, Morocco, and Scandinavia also supported Franco. Celebrities who supported the Nationalists include British novelist J.R.R. Tolkien and American writer Gertrude Stein.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry assistance Noun
help or aid.
alliance of countries that opposed the Allies during World War II. The Axis was led by Germany, Italy, and Japan.
civil war Noun
conflict between groups in the same country or nation.
having to do with a government led by its citizens, who vote for policies and/or representatives.
person with complete control of a government.
having to do with money.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
munitions Plural Noun
military equipment, especially weapons and ammunition.
person or nation that does not participate in a specific conflict.
introduction, or event that comes before something else.
system of government where power rests in citizens who vote and representatives who stand for those citizens. The United States is a republic.
rebellion or uprising.
Soviet Union Noun
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.
World War II Noun
(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)