On July 13, 1863, poor and working class New Yorkers protested new rules that allowed wealthy Americans to avoid military conscription (the draft). These protests quickly turned violent, setting off the worst domestic conflict in American history outside the Civil War itself.The price to avoid the draft was $300 (almost $6,000 in 2014). Men who paid this fee were able to work or go to school instead of serving in the Civil War.The New York Draft Riots turned into a race riot. Many white immigrants to New York were uncomfortable with the Emancipation Proclamation, issued earlier that year. In addition to racist prejudice, these immigrants feared increased competition for jobs from newly freed African Americans. As a result, African Americans, their homes and businesses were targeted by rioters. More than 115 people died in the riots, including police and rioters.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Civil War Noun
(1860-1865) American conflict between the Union (north) and Confederacy (south).
contest between organisms for resources, recognition, or group or social status.
mandatory military service. Also called the draft.
having to do with policies or issues within a nation.
mandatory military service. Also called the conscription.
Emancipation Proclamation Noun
(1863) declaration by President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War that freed all people held as slaves in most rebellious states.
price or cost.
person who moves to a new country or region.
to add or become larger.
unfair feeling for or against someone or something without basis in reason.
protest noun, verb
demonstration against a policy or action.
arbitrary grouping of people based on genetics and physical characteristics.
community or government policy of denying certain rights to people based on their ancestry, usually signified by skin color.
to establish something as a goal or aim.
strong, destructive force.
working class Noun
social class of workers, usually performing manual labor.