Audience versions of this page: FamilyOn July 12, 1561, St. Basil's Cathedral opened in Moscow, Russia. St. Basil’s has been the symbol of Moscow and all of Russia ever since.Many myths surround the brightly patterned onion domes of St. Basil’s. The most gruesome is that Czar Ivan IV was so dazzled by the church that he had its architects blinded—so they could never again design anything as beautiful! (The czar didn’t earn his nickname, Ivan the Terrible, for nothing, although historians agree he probably didn't blind St. Basil's architects.)Today, St. Basil’s Cathedral is part of Moscow’s famous Red Square. Red Square was named after the Russian word for “beautiful,” not the color of its bricks. Red Square is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that also includes the State Historical Museum and the Kremlin, where Russian leaders have ruled for more than 1,000 years.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry architect Noun
person who designs buildings or other large structures.
swelling or bent outward.
important regional church.
building used for spiritual worship and religious practices.
to happily astonish or impress.
gross or violent.
(Moscow, Russia) historic building complex that houses the offices of the Russian government.
legend or traditional story.
onion dome Noun
shape of a half-sphere with a thin, pointed top.
St. Basil's Cathedral Noun
(1561) Russian Orthodox church, now a museum, in Moscow, Russia.
something used to represent something else.
the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
Encyclopedic Entry: UNESCO World Heritage Site Noun
location recognized by the United Nations as important to the cultural or natural heritage of humanity.