On January 27, 2006, the United Nations observed the first International Holocaust Remembrance Day. The day honors victims and survivors of the Holocaust, the systemic campaign of murder carried out by the Nazi government in the 1930s and 1940s.Millions of people were killed in the Holocaust. As much as a third of Europe’s Jewish population was killed. Roma (sometimes called Gypsy) populations were targeted. The Nazis’ so-called “T-4” program targeted disabled people. Members of the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender community were targeted. People and communities were also targeted for their beliefs: political dissidents, Jehovah’s Witnesses, communists, and union leaders.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry campaign Noun
activities designed to achieve a social, political, or military goal.
person or group of people who support communism, a type of economy where all property, including land, factories and companies, is held by the government.
concentration camp Noun
enclosed, guarded area where political prisoners are kept. Concentration camps are most associated with Nazi work and extermination camps during World War II.
someone who disagrees with public opinion or authority.
targeted killing of a group of things.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
(1933-1945) attempted genocide of the Jews of Europe, led by Nazi Germany. Also called the Shoah and the Final Solution.
having to do with the religion or culture of people tracing their ancestry to the ancient Middle East and the spiritual leaders Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
to set free.
to kill a person.
Nazi noun, adjective
(1919-1945) (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) having to do with the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
total number of people or organisms in a particular area.
minority group native to Central and Eastern Europe and Turkey.
Soviet Union Noun
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.
having to do with complex, related sets of information and interactions.
to establish something as a goal or aim.
union Noun organization of workers formed to protect the rights and interests of its members. United Nations Noun
international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.