On January 2, 1492, the Emirate of Granada fell to the forces of Catholic leaders King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of what is now Spain. This ended the so-called “Reconquista,” a wresting of the Iberian Peninsula from Moorish control.The Moors were medieval Muslims indigenous to the Maghreb and western Mediterranean basin. Moors had led the area around the city of Granada for more than 700 years.Life in Granada changed radically under Catholic leadership. Under Moorish leadership, Muslims and Jews were allowed to practice their religion, although they were taxed heavily. Catholic leaders ultimately forced Muslims and Jews to convert to Christianity or be tortured and expelled. Some of these conversos (called Marranos if they were Jewish and Moriscos if they were Muslim) continued to practice their religion in secret. Thousands more migrated to the Maghreb and the “New World” of the Americas.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Catholic Adjective
having to do with the Christian denomination with the Pope as its leader.
to change from one thing to another.
state or territory under the authority of an emir, or Islamic leader.
to eject or force out.
characteristic to or of a specific place.
Encyclopedic Entry: indigenous Jew Noun
person who practices the Jewish religion.
region in North Africa made of five countries: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mauritania.
having to do with the Middle Ages (500-1400) in Europe.
Mediterranean basin Noun
land that surrounds the Mediterranean Sea.
to move from one place or activity to another.
Moor adjective, noun
people and culture native to North Africa, blending Arab and Berber cultures, who established a major civilization on the Iberian Peninsula between 756-1492.
having to do with Islam, the religion based on the words and philosophy of the prophet Mohammed.
New World Noun
the Western Hemisphere, made up of the Americas and their islands.
piece of land jutting into a body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: peninsula radically Adverb
completely or extremely.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region religion Noun
a system of spiritual or supernatural belief.
money or goods citizens provide to government in return for public services such as military protection.
inflicting pain to force a victim to provide information.
final or maximum.
to take away by force.