Audience:On January 19, 1977, U.S. President Gerald Ford pardoned Iva Toguri, nicknamed “Tokyo Rose.” During World War II, Toguri was the announcer on a propaganda program broadcast to Americans and other Allies in the Pacific theater.Toguri herself was an American, born and raised in Los Angeles, California. She was visiting a sick relative in Japan when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and the United States entered World War II. After refusing to become a Japanese citizen, Toguri was unable to return home. The Japanese government used her excellent knowledge of American slang to force her to read anti-American propaganda during weekly radio broadcasts. The broadcasts themselves were written by Allied prisoners-of-war (POWs), who later testified that Toguri was as much a victim as they were.After the war, Toguri was tried for treason in what was then the longest and most expensive trial in U.S. history. Despite support from the POWs who worked with her and a lack of evidence, she was convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. In the 1970s, investigative reporters uncovered racism and perjury among key witnesses who testified against Toguri.Upon being pardoned, Toguri recalled the support she received from her father: “You were like a tiger, you never changed your stripes, you stayed American through and through.”
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Allies Noun
alliance of countries that opposed the Axis during World War II. The Allies were led by the U.S., the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union.
to proclaim or make known publicly.
to transmit signals, especially for radio or television media.
to find someone guilty of an illegal act.
data that can be measured, observed, examined, and analyzed to support a conclusion.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
investigative reporter Noun
journalist who thoroughly researches and reports a single topic, such as a crime or mystery.
Pacific theater Noun
military operations taking place in the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific theater usually refers to actions during World War II.
to release from responsibility for a crime or other offense.
willful giving of false testimony under oath.
buildings that house convicted criminals and people accused of a crime and awaiting trial.
prisoner of war Noun
person captured and held by an enemy during a conflict.
information or ideas specifically intended to help or hurt the cause of an organization.
governmental or social systems based on the belief that one race or ethnic group is superior to others.
informal words and phrases.
to offer evidence in court.
crime of planning to overthrow the government.
judgement of a person or organization's responsibility for a crime or misdemeanor.
World War II Noun
(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)