On January 17, 1995, a major earthquake struck near the city of Kobe, Japan, killing more than 6,000 and making more than 45,000 people homeless.
 
Japan is one of the most geologically active regions on Earth, a place where four major tectonic plates—the Eurasian, Philippine, Pacific, and North American—meet and interact. The Kobe quake was a result of an east-west strike-slip fault where the Eurasian and Philippine plates interact.
 
The quake cost more than $100 billion in damage, and the Kobe government spent years constructing new facilities to attract back the 50,000 people who left after the quake.
city
Noun

large settlement with a high population density.

construct
Verb

to build or erect.

earthquake
Noun

the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity.

geologic
Adjective

having to do with the physical formations of the Earth.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

strike-slip fault
Noun

fracture in Earth's crust where tectonic movement is left (sinistral) or right (dextral), but rarely vertical.

tectonic plate
Noun

massive slab of solid rock made up of Earth's lithosphere (crust and upper mantle). Also called lithospheric plate.