On January 17, 1995, a major earthquake struck near the city of Kobe, Japan, killing more than 6,000 and making more than 45,000 people homeless.Japan is one of the most geologically active regions on Earth, a place where four major tectonic plates—the Eurasian, Philippine, Pacific, and North American—meet and interact. The Kobe quake was a result of an east-west strike-slip fault where the Eurasian and Philippine plates interact.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry city Noun
large settlement with a high population density.
to build or erect.
the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity.
having to do with the physical formations of the Earth.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region strike-slip fault Noun
fracture in Earth's crust where tectonic movement is left (sinistral) or right (dextral), but rarely vertical.
tectonic plate Noun
massive slab of solid rock made up of Earth's lithosphere (crust and upper mantle). Also called lithospheric plate.