On January 17, 1946, the United Nations Security Council held its first session. The Security Council consists of five permanent member nations (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and 10 non-permanent member nations elected for two-year terms. The United Nations is an international organization created after World War II to deal with global issues and relationships among nations.
Since its establishment, the UN Security Council has issued more than 1,800 resolutions in response to global issues. The council’s mission is to use diplomacy, economic sanctions, and military action to prevent wars, resolve disputes between countries, and protect populations from disaster and genocide.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry diplomacy Noun
art and science of maintaining peaceful relationships between nations, groups, or individuals.
Encyclopedic Entry: diplomacy disaster Noun
terrible and damaging event.
economic sanction Noun
penalty or punishment, such as increased taxes on imports, imposed by one nation or group of nations on another nation.
intentional mass murder of a specific religious, cultural, or ethnic group.
international organization Noun
unit made up of governments or groups in different countries, usually for a specific purpose.
Encyclopedic Entry: international organization military Noun
United Nations Noun
international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.
World War II Noun
(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)