On January 12, 1991, the U.S. Congress voted to allow military action against Iraq for its annexation of Kuwait. Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq, had sent Iraqi troops to occupy the neighboring state of Kuwait in August 1990, a move that upset the international community. In fact, by the time Congress approved the use of military force, President George H.W. Bush had already sent more than 500,000 U.S. troops to the Persian Gulf region. Bush approved the Congressional resolution two days later, and within the week, the U.S. officially entered the Gulf War, codenamed Operation Desert Storm.

The Gulf War, which lasted about six months, resulted in the removal of Iraqi occupation forces from Kuwait. Roughly 30,000 people, military and civilian, lost their lives in the conflict.

annex
Verb

to add or incorporate land into an existing parcel, state, or nation.

civilian
Noun

person who is not in the military.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

Congress
Noun

legislative branch of the government, responsible for making laws. The U.S. Congress has two bodies, the House of Representatives and the Senate.

military
Noun

armed forces.

troop
Noun

a soldier.