On February 8, 1828, writer Jules Verne was born in Nantes, France. Verne became a popular author of science fiction stories, pioneering the genre along with British author H.G. Wells. The 19th century in which Verne and Wells lived was a time of great scientific and industrial change—the Industrial Revolution. Inspired by the world around them, Verne and Wells imagined wild inventions of the future, sometimes very accurately.
 
Verne's most famous stories revolve around exploration and travel. Futuristic transportation on these adventures include a large submarine (Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, 1869), hot air balloons (Around the World in Eighty Days, 1872), and even a spaceship (From the Earth to the Moon, 1865). 
author
Noun

person who writes.

exploration
Noun

study and investigation of unknown places, concepts, or issues.

hot air balloon
Noun

bag filled with lighter-than-air gas able to float in the atmosphere.

industrial
Adjective

having to do with factories or mechanical production.

Industrial Revolution
Noun

change in economic and social activities, beginning in the 18th century, brought by the replacement of hand tools with machinery and mass production.

inspire
Verb

to influence to act.

pioneer
Noun

person who is among the first to do something.

science fiction
adjective, noun

art form that draws on knowledge of science for plot, setting, or character.

submarine
Noun

vehicle that can travel underwater.

transportation
Noun

movement of people or goods from one place to another.

travel
Noun

movement from one place to another.