The Third Punic War did not officially end until 1985, although hostilities concluded with the Roman sack of Carthage in 146 BCE, shown here.
Illustration by Peter V. Bianchi, National Geographic

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    On February 5, 1985, the mayors of Rome, Italy, and Carthage, Tunisia, officially ended the Third Punic War. The treaty was an entirely friendly one, as actual hostilities had ended more than 2,000 years earlier.
    Carthage, whose inhabitants were called Punici by the Romans, was in ancient times one of the largest and most powerful cities in the Mediterranean basin. For hundreds of years, Carthage and Rome fought for political and financial influence in the region
    For all intents and purposes, the Third Punic War ended in 146 BCE, when Roman forces sacked Carthage, ending its independence and enveloping the Carthaginian Empire into the Roman Republic.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    ancient Adjective

    very old.

    empire Noun

    group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.

    envelop Verb

    to enclose or surround entirely.

    financial Adjective

    having to do with money.

    independence Noun

    state or situation of being free.

    influence Verb

    to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.

    mayor Noun

    leader, usually elected, of a town or city.

    Mediterranean basin Noun

    land that surrounds the Mediterranean Sea.

    political Adjective

    having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.

    reckon Verb

    to estimate or guess.

    region Noun

    any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

    Encyclopedic Entry: region
    republic Noun

    system of government where power rests in citizens who vote and representatives who stand for those citizens. The United States is a republic.

    sack Verb

    to capture, loot, and largely destroy a city or other targeted area.

    treaty Noun

    official agreement between groups of people.