On February 4, 960, military leader Zhao Kuangyin became the first emperor of the Song Dynasty. The Song ruled China for more than 300 years.The Song Dynasty was notable for its contributions to government and science. Under the Song, China became the first government in the world to issue paper money (called jiaozi) on a national scale, allowing traders in far-flung portions of the empire to buy and sell goods at established prices. Scientists experimenting with magnetism were the first in the world to identify the concept of “magnetic north” by reading a compass. The first instances of moveable type are dated to Song Dynasty. Song military leaders were the first in the world to use gunpowder.Gunpowder, however, was not enough to ward off the powerful Mongol army led by Kublai Khan. The “Great Khan” conquered the Song and established the Yuan Dynasty throughout China in 1279.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry cartographer Noun
person who makes maps.
type of sedimentary rock that is able to be shaped when wet.
instrument used to tell direction.
Encyclopedic Entry: compass concept Noun
ruler of an empire.
group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.
spread over a great distance.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
to recognize or establish the identity of something.
an occurrence or example of something.
magnetic north Adjective
direction that all compass needles point.
force by which objects attract or repel one another.
Encyclopedic Entry: magnetism military Noun
landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other.
important or impressive.
large region that is higher than the surrounding area and relatively flat.
Encyclopedic Entry: plateau river Noun
large stream of flowing fresh water.
Encyclopedic Entry: river terrain map Noun
map displaying the surface features of an area.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
metal block with a letter or symbol engraved on one side, used in printing presses.
ward off Verb
to repel or keep back.