On February 4, 1974, American heiress Patricia Hearst was kidnapped by an obscure American terrorist organization, the Symbionese Liberation Army.
 
Hearst was kidnapped from her home, close to the campus of the University of California at Berkeley, where she was a student. Berkeley is just across the bay from San Francisco, where Hearst’s grandfather, William Randolph Hearst, established his publishing empire with the San Francisco Examiner newspaper. More than a year after being abducted, brutalized, and brainwashed, law enforcement personnel captured Hearst and an SLA member.
 
Hearst’s kidnapping brought attention to the SLA, and started a national conversation about using violence to pursue a political goal. The SLA was supposedly concerned with prison reform, social justice, and civil rights for African Americans. The organization was also responsible for kidnapping, armed robbery, and murder. Kidnapping remains a powerful political tool for terrorist groups and drug cartels. 
abduct
Verb

to kidnap or illegally take a person away.

Noun

body of water partially surrounded by land, usually with a wide mouth to a larger body of water.

brainwash
Verb

to force a radical change in a person's ideas and beliefs, especially by coercive and manipulative psychological methods.

brutal
Adjective

extreme, harsh, or cruel.

cartel
Noun

group formed to regulate prices and production of a specific good or service, or a specific geographic area.

civil rights
Plural Noun

set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.

heir
Noun

person who inherits property or money following the death of the property owner.

kidnap
Verb

to hold a person hostage, usually for ransom.

law enforcement
Noun

individuals or organizations that make sure people obey government rules.

obscure
Adjective

vague or unknown.

political
Adjective

having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.

publish
Verb

to provide a written piece of work, such as a book or newspaper, for sale or distribution.

reform
noun, verb

change or improvement of a policy or process.

terrorist
Adjective

having to do with the use of non-military violence and/or threats of violence to achieve or advocate political change.