On February 3, 1690, the Massachusetts Bay Colony issued the first paper money in what would become the United States. Years earlier, in 1652, Massachusetts Bay was also the first colony to mint its own (silver) coins.The money was called a “bill of credit”—soon just shortened to “bill.” Bills were originally printed to help finance soldiers in the French and Indian Wars. Massachusetts Bay soldiers could spend and trade the paper currency just like coins or trade goods.Eventually, every American colony issued its own paper money. These bills were all called “pounds,” after the British unit of currency, the pound sterling. The value of colonial currencies did not match up, however, A “Massachusetts pound,” for instance, was worth fewer (British) pounds than a “New York pound.” This made trade between the colonies, as well as Great Britain, very complex.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry colony Noun
people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.
money or other resource that can be used to buy goods and services.
to fund or provide money to an organization or individual, usually for a specific purpose.
to physically create or fabricate coins by stamping metal.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.