Torture of Cuauhtemoc
The Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes ordered the brutal torture of the last Aztec emperor, Cuauhtemoc. Cortes burned Cuauhtemoc's hands and feet, hoping the torture would force the emperor to reveal secret stashes of gold. There were no secret stashes of gold, and Cortes hanged Cuauhtemoc three years after capturing him.
Photograph by Russell Hastings Millward, National Geographic