On February 22, 1922, the United Kingdom declared Egypt's independence. Prior to this, Egypt had been a British protectorate, meaning Egypt was under full British control. The UK had promised a change in government after World War I ended in 1918, and was met with mass protests when it did not follow through.
 
Despite the declaration of independence, the United Kingdom managed to retain much power in Egypt. Britain still had full control of the lucrative Suez Canal trade, as well as parts of Sudan, then a part of southern Egypt. The history of British business and governance also allowed the UK to retain a lot of control over the politics and commerce of the newly independent kingdom.
commerce
Noun

trade, or the exchange of goods and services.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

independence
Noun

state or situation of being free.

Noun

type of government with a king or queen as its leader, or the land ruled by that king or queen.

lucrative
Adjective

profitable or money-making.

politics
Noun

art and science of public policy.

protectorate
Noun

territory controlled by another state or nation but not a part of it.

protest
noun, verb

demonstration against a policy or action.

trade
Noun

buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.

United Kingdom
Noun

nation made of the countries of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.

World War I
Noun

(1914-1918) armed conflict between the Allies (led by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France) and the Central Powers (led by Germany and Austria-Hungary). Also called the Great War.

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