Egypt has existed as a social and political unit for thousands of years, but was recognized as a modern nation in 1953.

Map by National Geographic Society
  • On February 22, 1922, the United Kingdom declared Egypt's independence. Prior to this, Egypt had been a British protectorate, meaning Egypt was under full British control. The UK had promised a change in government after World War I ended in 1918, and was met with mass protests when it did not follow through.
    Despite the declaration of independence, the United Kingdom managed to retain much power in Egypt. Britain still had full control of the lucrative Suez Canal trade, as well as parts of Sudan, then a part of southern Egypt. The history of British business and governance also allowed the UK to retain a lot of control over the politics and commerce of the newly independent kingdom.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    commerce Noun

    trade, or the exchange of goods and services.

    government Noun

    system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

    independence Noun

    state or situation of being free.

    kingdom Noun

    type of government with a king or queen as its leader, or the land ruled by that king or queen.

    Encyclopedic Entry: kingdom
    lucrative Adjective

    profitable or money-making.

    politics Noun

    art and science of public policy.

    protectorate Noun

    territory controlled by another state or nation but not a part of it.

    protest noun, verb

    demonstration against a policy or action.

    trade Noun

    buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.

    United Kingdom Noun

    nation made of the countries of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.

    World War I Noun

    (1914-1918) armed conflict between the Allies (led by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France) and the Central Powers (led by Germany and Austria-Hungary). Also called the Great War.