On February 17, 1621, Capt. Miles Standish was elected commander, or military leader, of the Pilgrim community in what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts. Standish would maintain this position for the rest of his life.Although Standish sailed over on the Mayflower with the Pilgrims, he was not one of them. The Pilgrims were a British religious group seeking freedom to worship, and they hired Standish as a military adviser before the Mayflower set sail. The Pilgrims originally wanted to hire John Smith, who had already explored the New World and helped establish the British colony in Jamestown, Virginia, but Smith was too expensive.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry adviser Noun
person who offers informed advice about an issue.
forceful or offensive.
people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.
having to do with a government led by its citizens, who vote for policies and/or representatives.
to choose by vote.
to form or officially organize.
ship on which the Pilgrims sailed from Southampton, England, to establish their colony in what would become Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1621.
Native American Noun
person whose ancestors were native inhabitants of North or South America. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people.
New World Noun
the Western Hemisphere, made up of the Americas and their islands.
early settler of Plimouth Colony, Massachusetts.
person who serves in a military.
tool to hurt or combat an opponent.