On February 15, 1965, Canada adopted its iconic maple-leaf flag. Canada is a part of the British Commonwealth of Nations, and prior to the adoption of the new flag, it featured a British flag, or Union Jack, in its upper left corner. By the 1960s, most citizens wanted to have a flag that symbolized Canadian, not British, identity. The symbol chosen was an 11-point leaf from the maple tree—common throughout the country. 
 
Following a proclamation by Queen Elizabeth II, the new national flag was raised on Parliament Hill in the capital city of Ottawa. Today, the maple leaf flag is one of the most easily recognizable national symbols in the world.
Noun

city where a region's government is located.

commonwealth
Noun

self-governing territory affiliated with the United States, used for Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands.

iconic
Adjective

event or symbol representing a belief, nation, or community.

identity
Noun

how a person defines themselves, or how others define them.

national
Adjective

having to do with the government or people of a country.

prior
Adjective

before or ahead of.

proclamation
Noun

public announcement.

symbolize
Verb

to represent an object, idea, organization, or geographical region.

Union Jack
Noun

the flag of the United Kingdom, combining the flags of Ireland, England, and Scotland. Also called the Union flag.

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