Treaties are an important part of the diplomatic process. Treaties establish formal agreements between nations or international organizations. This is the last page of the Treaty of Paris, the 1783 document between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Great Britain that formally ended the American Revolutionary War.

Image courtesy the National Archives
  • On February 10, 1763, the United Kingdom, France, and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris. The treaty marked the end of the Seven Years' War (the colonial portion was called the French and Indian War). In the treaty, France lost many colonies to the British, including Canada and West Florida in North America. Spain received the French district of Louisiana.
    Though the treaty proved to be the end of most of France's colonies in the Western Hemisphere, their influence remains. Many French settlers remained in the now-British colonies. In the Canadian province of Quebec, French food, language, and culture remain dominant. Similar cultural preservation can be seen in the state of Louisiana, where Cajun and Creole cultures incorporate the region’s French, West African, Caribbean, Native American, Spanish, British, and American influences.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    Cajun Noun

    people of French-speaking ancestry native to the Gulf Coast region of the United States, mostly the coast of Louisiana.

    colony Noun

    people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.

    Creole Noun

    people and culture of the Native American, French, Caribbean, African, and Spanish settlers of the American Gulf Coast, especially the state of Louisiana.

    culture Noun

    learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.

    influence Verb

    to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.

    preservation Noun

    protection from use.

    Encyclopedic Entry: Preservation
    province Noun

    division of a country larger than a town or county.

    Encyclopedic Entry: province
    settler Noun

    person who migrates and establishes a residence in a largely unpopulated area.

    treaty Noun

    official agreement between groups of people.

    Western Hemisphere Noun

    area of the Earth west of the prime meridian and east of the International Date Line.