On February 1, 1861, the state of Texas voted to secede from the United States. The Texas legislature held a Secession Convention in the capital city of Austin, and voted 166 to 8 in favor of secession. This followed the secession of six other states: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Texas was the last state to secede before President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861. (These states, with later additions Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee, formed the Confederate States of America.)
 
Before its secession, Texas was regionally divided between areas that economically relied on slavery and those that did not. Southern Texans worried that federal laws would prohibit the use of slaves, whose labor contributed to the region’s cotton plantations. Opposition was strongest in the northern part of the state, which generally did not use slaves. 
Noun

city where a region's government is located.

federal
Adjective

having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).

inaugurate
Verb

to make a formal beginning or start.

labor
Noun

work or employment.

legislature
Noun

group of people, usually elected, who make and change laws.

plantation
Noun

large estate or farm involving large landholdings and many workers.

prohibit
Verb

to disallow or prevent.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

secede
Verb

to withdraw from part of a union or alliance.

slave
Noun

person who is owned by another person or group of people.

More Dates in History

February
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28 29 30 31 1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 1 2 3