On December 28, 1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon signed the Endangered Species Act. The Endangered Species Act “provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and the habitats in which they are found.”Through laws and regulations, federal agencies such as the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) protect species through such activities as regulated hunting, restoring habitats, and preventing international trade in threatened wildlife. Groups also create “species recovery plans” for plants, animals, or other threatened or endangered organisms.Some of the most endangered species in the United States are the red wolf (found only in North Carolina), the pygmy sculpin (a fish found only in Coldwater Spring, Alabama), the Florida bonnet bat, the dusky gopher frog (found only in some ponds in Mississippi), and the Hawaiian monk seal.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry agriculture Noun
the art and science of cultivating the land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching).
Encyclopedic Entry: agriculture conservation Noun
management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
Encyclopedic Entry: conservation development Noun
construction or preparation of land for housing, industry, or agriculture.
harmful condition of a body part or organ.
endangered species Noun
organism threatened with extinction.
Encyclopedic Entry: endangered species federal Adjective
having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).
FWS Noun (Fish and Wildlife Service) U.S. government agency whose mission is "working with others to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people." habitat Noun
environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.
Encyclopedic Entry: habitat housing Noun
shelters where people live.
to pursue and kill an animal, usually for food.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Noun
U.S. Department of Commerce agency whose mission is to "understand and predict changes in climate, weather, oceans, and coasts; to share that knowledge and information with others, and; to conserve and manage coastal and marine ecosystems and resources."
total number of people or organisms in a particular area.
restoration or return to a defined state of being.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region regulation Noun
rule or law.
species range Noun
native, geographic area in which an organism can be found. Range also refers to the geographic distribution of a particular species.
Encyclopedic Entry: species range threatened species Noun
organism that may soon become endangered.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
organisms living in a natural environment.