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On December 28, 1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon signed the Endangered Species Act. The Endangered Species Act “provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and the habitats in which they are found.”
 
Through laws and regulations, federal agencies such as the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) protect species through such activities as regulated hunting, restoring habitats, and preventing international trade in threatened wildlife. Groups also create “species recovery plans” for plants, animals, or other threatened or endangered organisms.
 
Some of the most endangered species in the United States are the red wolf (found only in North Carolina), the pygmy sculpin (a fish found only in Coldwater Spring, Alabama), the Florida bonnet bat, the dusky gopher frog (found only in some ponds in Mississippi), and the Hawaiian monk seal.
Noun

the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching).

Noun

management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.

development
Noun

construction or preparation of land for housing, industry, or agriculture.

disease
Noun

harmful condition of a body part or organ.

Noun

organism threatened with extinction.

federal
Adjective

having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).

FWS
Noun
(Fish and Wildlife Service) U.S. government agency whose mission is "working with others to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people."
Noun

environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.

housing
Noun

shelters where people live.

hunt
Verb

to pursue and kill an animal, usually for food.

law
Noun

public rule.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Noun

U.S. Department of Commerce agency whose mission is to "understand and predict changes in climate, weather, oceans, and coasts; to share that knowledge and information with others, and; to conserve and manage coastal and marine ecosystems and resources."

population
Noun

total number of people or organisms in a particular area.

recovery
Noun

restoration or return to a defined state of being.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

regulation
Noun

rule or law.

Noun

native, geographic area in which an organism can be found. Range also refers to the geographic distribution of a particular species.

threatened species
Noun

organism that may soon become endangered.

trade
Noun

buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.

wildlife
Noun

organisms living in a natural environment.

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