On December 26, 2004, one of the deadliest tsunamis in recorded history took place off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. A magnitude 9.1 earthquake triggered waves as high as 15 meters (50 feet) that crashed into the coasts of 11 countries. The direct effects of the tsunami included more than 275,000 deaths and millions of people left homeless. While people from Thailand to East Africa were affected by the tsunami, the Indonesian province of Aceh was hit hardest.

Along with the direct effects of the tsunami, many people were affected by disease, lack of shelter, and inadequate nutrition in the aftermath of the disaster.

Noun

edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.

disaster
Noun

terrible and damaging event.

disease
Noun

harmful condition of a body part or organ.

earthquake
Noun

the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity.

inadequate
Adjective

not enough or not of high-enough quality.

nutrition
Noun

process by which living organisms obtain food or nutrients, and use it for growth.

Noun

division of a country larger than a town or county.

shelter
Noun

structure that protects people or other organisms from weather and other dangers.

tsunami
Noun

ocean waves triggered by an earthquake, volcano, or other movement of the ocean floor.

wave
Noun

moving swell on the surface of water.

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