On December 24, 1968, the American Apollo 8 mission made the first live broadcast from space. The mission, the first to orbit the Moon, transmitted images and audio back to Earth. The Christmas Eve broadcast became the most-watched television program at the time. Americans saw the surface of the Moon as well as the now-famous image of “Earthrise”—the Earth rising over the Moon’s horizon.
The broadcast, by astronauts Bill Anders, Jim Lovell, and Frank Borman, included a reading from Genesis, the first book in the Bible. The quotation, which resulted in a lawsuit from prominent atheist Madelyne Murray O’Hair, ended with benevolence: “And from the crew of Apollo 8, we close with good night, good luck, a Merry Christmas—and God bless all of you, all of you on the good Earth.”
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry astronaut Noun
person who takes part in space flights.
holy book of the Christian religion.
to transmit signals, especially for radio or television media.
line where the Earth and the sky seem to meet.
Encyclopedic Entry: horizon lawsuit Noun
legal action brought by one person or organization against another.
natural satellite of a planet.
Encyclopedic Entry: moon orbit Verb
to move in a circular pattern around a more massive object.
Encyclopedic Entry: orbit prominent Adjective
important or standing out.
to pass along information or communicate.