On December 22, 1864, United States General William Tecumseh Sherman sent a message to President Abraham Lincoln: “I beg to present you, as a Christmas gift, the city of Savannah, with 150 heavy guns and plenty of ammunition, and also about 25,000 bales of cotton.”The capture of the rich port city of Savannah ended Sherman’s rampage through the state of Georgia, which began with the burning of Atlanta six weeks earlier. Sherman practiced a “scorched earth policy” on his campaign. “We are not only fighting hostile armies, but a hostile people, and must make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war,” Sherman wrote. To force Georgians to feel the “hard hand of war,” Sherman and his troops destroyed hundreds of kilometers of railroads, bridges, and telegraph lines. They burned crops and confiscated livestock.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry ammunition Noun material fired, scattered, dropped, or detonated from a weapon, including bombs and bullets. bale Noun
bundle of cotton weighing 227 kilograms (500 pounds).
activities designed to achieve a social, political, or military goal.
military unit that serves on horseback.
large settlement with a high population density.
sharing of information and ideas.
to take or seize by some authority.
Encyclopedic Entry: crop destroy Verb
to ruin or make useless.
terrible and damaging event.
to accompany or guide.
confrontational or unfriendly.
livestock noun, plural noun
animals raised for sale and profit.
to coordinate and give structure to.
place on a body of water where ships can tie up or dock and load and unload cargo.
Encyclopedic Entry: port present Verb
to formally offer or submit.
road constructed with metal tracks on which trains travel.
somewhat uncontrolled, violent behavior.
person who flees their home, usually due to natural disaster or political upheaval.
dependable or consistent.
scorched earth policy Noun
a military strategy which involves destroying anything that might be useful to the enemy while advancing through or withdrawing from an area.
to guarantee, or make safe and certain.
person who is owned by another person or group of people.
amount of a product that is available to consumers.
system of communication involving devices connected through electrical wires.
having to do with states supporting the United States (north) during the U.S. Civil War.
large-scale armed conflict.