On December 19, 1984, the United Kingdom agreed to return the territory of Hong Kong to China. Hong Kong consists of several islands and the West Kowloon peninsula on the south coast of China. With more than 7 million people living in just 1,104 square kilometers (426 square miles), the region is one of the most densely populated in the world.

Hong Kong had been a British colony for more than a hundred years, and officially changed hands on July 1, 1997. Today, Hong Kong is one of two “special administrative regions” of China (the other is nearby Macau). These regions enjoy greater social and economic sovereignty than provinces in mainland China.

Noun

edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.

consist
Verb

to be made of.

densely
Adverb

heavily or crowded.

economic
Adjective

having to do with money.

Noun

body of land surrounded by water.

Noun

piece of land jutting into a body of water.

Noun

division of a country larger than a town or county.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

territory
Noun

land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.