On December 13, 1637, regiments of what would become the United States National Guard were assembled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.The National Guard is a reserve component of the U.S. military. Most members of the National Guard serve part-time, with the traditional service requirement being “one weekend a month, two weeks a year.” Some members, such as pilots, serve more often. National Guard troops are often called up to serve as disaster response teams during floods, tornadoes, or hurricanes.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry assemble Verb
to put together.
people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.
light, portable bed.
disaster response Noun
procedures and actions taken after a natural or man-made incident causes loss of life, livelihood, or property.
set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge.
overflow of a body of water onto land.
Encyclopedic Entry: flood hurricane Noun
tropical storm with wind speeds of at least 119 kilometers (74 miles) per hour. Hurricanes are the same thing as typhoons, but usually located in the Atlantic Ocean region.
characteristic to or of a specific place.
Encyclopedic Entry: indigenous levee Noun
bank of a river, raised either naturally or constructed by people.
Encyclopedic Entry: levee military Noun
group of armed, ordinary citizens who are called up for emergencies and are not full-time soldiers.
National Guard Noun
military force controlled by a U.S. state but funded by the federal government and called up as part of the Army during national emergencies.
natural disaster Noun
an event occurring naturally that has large-scale effects on the environment and people, such as a volcano, earthquake, or hurricane.
international sports competition divided into summer and winter games held every four years.
people and culture native to what is today the U.S. state of Connecticut.
not habitually used, but quickly available.
safety or stability.
structure that protects people or other organisms from weather and other dangers.
a violently rotating column of air that forms at the bottom of a cloud and touches the ground.