• Audience versions of this page: Family

    On December 11, 1946, the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established, with its headquarters in New York City, New York. The organization was founded to provide food, clothing, and health care to European children suffering from the devastation of World War II. Although the organization has since changed its name to the United Nations Children’s Fund, it has kept the popular acronym.
     
    UNICEF supports the “nurturing and caring for children” as “cornerstones to human progress.” To promote children’s well-being worldwide, UNICEF has four main areas of focus. 
     
    UNICEF supports children’s rights. This includes protecting children from violence and providing facilities for children with disabilities. It supports health care, including immunization and food aid. It supports education, including gender equality and access to technology. Finally, UNICEF supports aid to children in areas experiencing emergencies, such as natural hazards or human conflict.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    acronym Noun

    word formed from the first letters of each of the words in a phrase.

    conflict Noun

    a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

    devastation Noun

    ruin or destruction.

    establish Verb

    to form or officially organize.

    food aid Noun

    money or food given to regions faced with malnutrition and starvation.

    gender Noun

    physical, cultural, and social aspects of sexual identity.

    headquarters Noun

    place where an organization or project is chiefly located.

    health care Noun

    system for addressing the physical health of a population.

    immunization Noun

    process of becoming immune to a disease.

    isolate Verb

    to set one thing or organism apart from others.

    labor Noun

    work or employment.

    medicine Noun

    substance used for treating illness or disease.

    natural hazard Noun

    event in the physical environment that is destructive to human activity.

    nurture Verb

    to support, care for, and protect.

    protect Verb

    to take action to prevent injury or attack.

    right Noun

    specific freedom or opportunity granted to an individual or organization based on the law.

    technology Noun

    the science of using tools and complex machines to make human life easier or more profitable.

    UNICEF Noun

    (United Nations Children's Fund) UN agency whose mission is to help improve the health and nutrition of children and mothers around the world.

    United Nations Noun

    international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.

    violence Noun

    acts that cause physical harm to another person.

    World War II Noun

    (1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)