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On December 11, 1946, the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established, with its headquarters in New York City, New York. The organization was founded to provide food, clothing, and health care to European children suffering from the devastation of World War II. Although the organization has since changed its name to the United Nations Children’s Fund, it has kept the popular acronym.
 
UNICEF supports the “nurturing and caring for children” as “cornerstones to human progress.” To promote children’s well-being worldwide, UNICEF has four main areas of focus. 
 
UNICEF supports children’s rights. This includes protecting children from violence and providing facilities for children with disabilities. It supports health care, including immunization and food aid. It supports education, including gender equality and access to technology. Finally, UNICEF supports aid to children in areas experiencing emergencies, such as natural hazards or human conflict.
acronym
Noun

word formed from the first letters of each of the words in a phrase.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

devastation
Noun

ruin or destruction.

establish
Verb

to form or officially organize.

food aid
Noun

money or food given to regions faced with malnutrition and starvation.

gender
Noun

physical, cultural, and social aspects of sexual identity.

headquarters
Noun

place where an organization or project is chiefly located.

health care
Noun

system for addressing the physical health of a population.

immunization
Noun

process of becoming immune to a disease.

isolate
Verb

to set one thing or organism apart from others.

labor
Noun

work or employment.

medicine
Noun

substance used for treating illness or disease.

natural hazard
Noun

event in the physical environment that is destructive to human activity.

nurture
Verb

to support, care for, and protect.

protect
Verb

to take action to prevent injury or attack.

right
Noun

specific freedom or opportunity granted to an individual or organization based on the law.

technology
Noun

the science of using tools and complex machines to make human life easier or more profitable.

UNICEF
Noun

(United Nations Children's Fund) UN agency whose mission is to help improve the health and nutrition of children and mothers around the world.

United Nations
Noun

international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.

violence
Noun

acts that cause physical harm to another person.

World War II
Noun

(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)

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