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On August 9, 1994, the United Nations first recognized the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous people are those who trace their culture to the same area for all of their known history.
 
There are indigenous people all over the world. In the United States and Canada, indigenous people are called Native Americans or First Nations people. 
 
Some indigenous people in South America are the Yanomami, who are native to the Amazon rain forest, and the Quechua, who are native to the Andes Mountains.
 
In Australia, different indigenous cultures are often grouped together as Aboriginal Australians.
 
Indigenous people in Asia include the Hmong, who are native to the mountainous regions of Southeast Asia, and the Ainu, who are native to Japan’s remote northern islands.
 
In Europe, indigenous people include the Sami, who are native to Scandinavia, and the Basques, who are native to northern Spain.
 
Africa has hundreds of indigenous cultures. The Bambuti, sometimes called “pygmies,” are native to the rain forests of Central Africa. The Maasai are native to the savanna of Kenya and Tanzania. The Tuareg are native to the sandy deserts of the Sahara and Sahel.
Aboriginal Australian
Noun

people and culture native to Australia and its surrounding islands. Also called Aborigine.

Noun

region at Earth's extreme north, encompassed by the Arctic Circle.

colonize
Verb

to establish control of a foreign land and culture.

Noun

one of the seven main land masses on Earth.

culture
Noun

learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.

Noun

area of land that receives no more than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of precipitation a year.

First Nations
Noun

indigenous (Native American) peoples of Canada south of the Arctic.

indigenous people
Noun

ethnic group that has lived in the same region for all of their known history.

indigenous rights
Plural Noun

 

respect and preservation of the independence, culture, identity, language, employment, health, and education of indigenous people.

Noun

body of land surrounded by water.

land use
Noun

range of purposes people put to the earth.

mountain
Noun

landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other.

Native American
Noun

person whose ancestors were native inhabitants of North or South America. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people.

Noun

protection from use.

Noun

area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall.

recognize
Verb

to identify or acknowledge.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

remote
Adjective

distant or far away.

Sahel
Noun

transition zone in northern Africa between the Sahara Desert in the north and the savanna ecosystems in the south.

savanna
Noun

type of tropical grassland with scattered trees.

Scandinavia
Noun

region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark.

settler
Noun

person who migrates and establishes a residence in a largely unpopulated area.

United Nations
Noun

international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.