On August 8, 1988, thousands of citizens protested the authoritarian government of Myanmar (Burma), leading to a crackdown that did not end for more than a decade. The protests were nicknamed the 8888 Uprising to mark the date (8-8-88) of the rebellion.
 
Protesters, including students, Buddhist monks, and workers, demanded democracy. This included freedom of speech and the press, as well as greater representation in government. (The nation had been ruled by a one-party military government for more than 20 years.) Aung San Suu Kyi, whose father (Aung San) led the Burmese struggle for independence in the 1940s, emerged as the powerful leader of the protests.
 
The Burmese government violently quashed the uprising. Thousands of protesters were killed or arrested. Aung San Suu Kyi herself was placed under house arrest, unable to leave her home. She was released in 2010 and was quickly elected to Myanmar’s new, more democratic government.
arrest
Verb

to take into legal custody.

authoritarian
Adjective

form of leadership where individual power is limited and the power of a single leader or group of leaders is strengthened.

Buddhist
Noun

person who follows the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha).

citizen
Noun

member of a country, state, or town who shares responsibilities for the area and benefits from being a member.

crackdown
Noun

severe enforcement of laws or other rules.

decade
Noun

10 years.

democracy
Noun

system of organization or government where the people decide policies or elect representatives to do so.

emerge
Verb

to develop or come into view.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

house arrest
Noun

confinement of an arrested person to a single location, such as a home or hospital.

independence
Noun

state or situation of being free.

military
Noun

armed forces.

monk
Noun

person who has withdrawn from everyday society and lives in service to a religious order.

protest
noun, verb

demonstration against a policy or action.

quash
Verb

to subdue completely.

rebellion
Noun

organized resistance to an authority.

representation
Noun

action taken on behalf of another person, group of people, or organization.

uprising
Noun

revolt or rebellion.

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