Thousands cheer the first Polish pope, John Paul II, as he celebrates mass in Gdansk, Poland. Many carry the red-and-white logos of the Solidarity trade union.
Photograph by James L. Stanfield, National Geographic
form of leadership where individual power is limited and the power of a single leader or group of leaders is strengthened.
having to do with the Christian denomination with the Pope as its leader.
opponent of a policy.
(1945-1989) states and nations in central and eastern Europe under the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union.
selection of people to public office by vote.
to start or establish something.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
to influence to act.
having to do with knowledge, or a knowledgeable person.
work or employment.
legal system established and enforced by the military.
to be or act against something.
leader of the Catholic Church.
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.