On August 31, 1980, the trade union Solidarity was founded at the Lenin Shipyards in Gdansk, Poland. Solidarity became a symbol of anti-communism in the 1980s, and inspired other groups to oppose the Soviet Union and other Eastern Bloc governments.Solidarity was never simply a labor union. Although led by dockworker Lech Walesa, the union included leaders of the Catholic Church (who sought support from the Polish Pope John Paul II); students; and intellectuals who opposed the authoritarian government of Poland. At its height, nearly a third of all Poles were members of Solidarity.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry authoritarian Adjective
form of leadership where individual power is limited and the power of a single leader or group of leaders is strengthened.
having to do with the Christian denomination with the Pope as its leader.
opponent of a policy.
Eastern Bloc Noun
(1945-1989) states and nations in central and eastern Europe under the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union.
selection of people to public office by vote.
to start or establish something.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
to influence to act.
having to do with knowledge, or a knowledgeable person.
work or employment.
martial law Noun
legal system established and enforced by the military.
to be or act against something.
leader of the Catholic Church.
Soviet Union Noun
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
union Noun organization of workers formed to protect the rights and interests of its members.