On August 22, 1864, the International Committee of the Red Cross was founded in Geneva, Switzerland. The organization was formed by diplomats at the first Geneva Convention, concerned with improving the treatment of wounded soldiers during wars. The mission of the Red Cross is “ . . . to protect the lives and dignity" of victims of armed conflict"conflict and other situations of violence and to provide them with assistance.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross has received three Nobel Peace Prizes, an unmatched feat. It is the leading agency in the Red Cross Movement, which includes national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies.

 

agency
Noun

organization serving the government of a country or nation. Also called a government agency.

agency
Noun

organization serving the government of a country or nation. Also called a government agency.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

dignity
Noun

self-respect or self-esteem.

dignity
Noun

self-respect or self-esteem.

diplomat
Noun

person who negotiates important political and economic agreements, usually for a government.

diplomat
Noun

person who negotiates important political and economic agreements, usually for a government.

feat
Noun

accomplishment or achievement.

feat
Noun

accomplishment or achievement.

Nobel Peace Prize
Noun

award recognizing the contributions of a person or organization to "work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace."

Nobel Peace Prize
Noun

award recognizing the contributions of a person or organization to "work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace."

Red Cross
Noun

international organization focused on humanitarian aid and disaster relief. Formally called the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

soldier
Noun

person who serves in a military.

soldier
Noun

person who serves in a military.

war
Noun

large-scale armed conflict.

war
Noun

large-scale armed conflict.