On August 21, 1192, Minamoto Yorimoto was appointed as a shogun, or military leader, in Kamakura, Japan. Yorimoto established Japan’s first military government, or bakufu, called the Kamakura shogunate.Shoguns were hereditary military leaders who were technically appointed by the emperor. However, real power rested with the shoguns themselves, who worked closely with other classes in Japanese society. Shoguns worked with civil servants, who would administer programs such as taxes and trade. They also worked with the daimyo, or wealthy landowners. Finally, shoguns worked with samurai, a warrior class who were usually employed by the daimyo.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry administer Verb
to oversee, manage, or be in charge of.
to assign to a position.
civil servant Noun
person who works for the government in a non-military capacity.
division in society based on income and type of employment.
wealthy, powerful landowner in historic Japan.
ruler of an empire.
to hire or use.
to form or officially organize.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
having to do with inheritance, or the passing of characteristics from parents to offspring.
casual or not according to strict rules.
prime minister Noun
leader of government in parliamentary systems of government.
to voluntarily stop or reduce the number of hours worked.
member of a powerful warrior class in historic Japan.
top military and government leader in historic Japan.
system of government led by shoguns, or Japanese military leaders. Called bakufu in Japanese.
money or goods citizens provide to government in return for public services such as military protection.
only because of a strict interpretation of a rule or standard.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
person experienced or skilled in battle, conflict, or war.