On August 20, 1993, representatives from Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) signed the first of the so-called Oslo Accords in Oslo, Norway. The Oslo Accords would be the last major, long-term initiative for peace between Israelis and Palestinians. The leaders responsible for the Oslo Accords—Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat—were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize the following year.The results of the Oslo Accords included the establishment of the Palestinian Authority, an elected Palestinian government responsible for parts of the disputed West Bank and Gaza Strip territories in Israel. The Oslo Accords also called for the withdrawal of the Israeli military from the West Bank and Gaza, and the promise of continued peace talks.The so-called “Oslo Process” continued throughout the 1990s, with agreements addressing such issues as the release of political prisoners and the construction of Jewish settlements in Palestinian-controlled regions.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry accord Noun
agreement, usually a settlement of a dispute.
person who negotiates important political and economic agreements, usually for a government.
debate or argument.
to choose by vote.
to leave or set off on a journey.
to form or officially organize.
Gaza Strip Noun
self-governing Palestinian territory in Israel located on Israel's southwestern coast and bordering Egypt.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
first step or move in a plan.
person or organization that serves as a mediator or go-between for two other people or organizations.
to discuss with others of different viewpoints in order to reach an agreement, contract, or treaty.
Nobel Peace Prize Noun
award recognizing the contributions of a person or organization to "work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace."
Oslo Accords Plural Noun
(1993-2001) series of agreements to resolve or mitigate the violent conflict between Israelis and Palestinians.
Palestinian Authority Noun
(Palestinian National Authority) organization responsible for governing the semi-independent areas of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in Israel.
(Palestine Liberation Organization) organization recognized as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people" by states with which it holds diplomatic relations.
political prisoner Noun
person detained by a government because of their political opinion.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region representative Noun
someone or something who acts in place of a group of people.
having accountability, authority, or liability in a situation.
Second Intifada Noun
(~2000-~2005) Palestinian uprising in Israel.
community or village.
land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.
revolt or rebellion.
strong, destructive force.
West Bank Noun
self-governing Palestinian territory in Israel, located in a large area of central Israel, including the west bank of the Jordan River.