These oil wells outside Kuwait City were set on fire by Iraqi forces before they were ousted from the region by Operation Desert Storm, a coalition force led by the U.S.

Photograph by Tech. Sgt. David McLeod

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  • On Aug. 2, 1990, military troops from Iraq invaded Kuwait, a small, oil-rich country neighboring Iraq in the Middle East. In response to the invasion, the United States led a coalition called Operation Desert Storm to repel Iraqi forces and prevent further invasion into nearby Saudi Arabia.

    The Iraqi occupation of Kuwait lasted less than a year. Operation Desert Storm—the first Gulf War—ended with Iraq forced out of Kuwait, although hundreds of lives and more than 500 lucrative Kuwaiti oil wells were lost in the conflict.

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    coalition Noun

    a group of people or organizations united for a goal.

    conflict Noun

    a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

    lucrative Adjective

    profitable or money-making.

    military Noun

    armed forces.

    oil Noun

    fossil fuel formed from the remains of marine plants and animals. Also known as petroleum or crude oil.

    prevent Verb

    to keep something from happening.

    repel Verb

    to resist or push back.

    troop Noun

    a soldier.