On Aug. 2, 1990, military troops from Iraq invaded Kuwait, a small, oil-rich country neighboring Iraq in the Middle East. In response to the invasion, the United States led a coalition called Operation Desert Storm to repel Iraqi forces and prevent further invasion into nearby Saudi Arabia.

The Iraqi occupation of Kuwait lasted less than a year. Operation Desert Storm—the first Gulf War—ended with Iraq forced out of Kuwait, although hundreds of lives and more than 500 lucrative Kuwaiti oil wells were lost in the conflict.

coalition
Noun

a group of people or organizations united for a goal.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

lucrative
Adjective

profitable or money-making.

military
Noun

armed forces.

oil
Noun

fossil fuel formed from the remains of marine plants and animals. Also known as petroleum or crude oil.

prevent
Verb

to keep something from happening.

repel
Verb

to resist or push back.

troop
Noun

a soldier.

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