On August 16, 1958, Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone was born in Bay City, Michigan. Madonna is the best-selling female recording artist of all time, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, and recognized by music industry magazine Billboard as the most successful solo artist in its history.
Madonna’s continually evolving public persona inspired an entirely new, entirely controversial, area of focus in popular culture: “Madonna studies.” Historians, musicians, and anthropologists trace her influences—from African American gospel music to Japanese fashion, Middle Eastern spirituality to feminist art history—and the ways she borrows, adapts, and interprets them.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry adapt Verb
to adjust to new surroundings or a new situation.
person who studies cultures and characteristics of communities and civilizations.
questionable or leading to argument.
person who studies events and ideas of the past.
activity that produces goods and services.
to explain or understand the meaning of something.
popular culture Noun
goods, services, ideas, and patterns of their use in a population.
available to an entire community, not limited to paying members.
belief in supernatural powers.