On August 15, 1945, the Empire of Japan surrendered to Allied forces, ending World War II. The initial news of surrender actually came a day earlier (August 14), and was not made official until documents were signed on September 2. All three dates are considered “Victory over Japan Day”, or V-J Day.Two weeks earlier, the United States, United Kingdom, and China had issued the Potsdam Declaration, demanding Japan’s immediate, unconditional surrender. “The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction,” the document concludes.Japan ignored the Potsdam Declaration. The Soviet Union promptly invaded Japanese-held territory in Manchuria, China, and the United States utterly destroyed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by deploying the first and only nuclear weapons ever used in wartime.Japan’s surrender resulted in the country’s occupation by the American military until 1952.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry alternative Noun
choice or decision.
to end or finish.
to ask for in an authoritative way.
to make ready for use or put into use.
group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.
to not notice or recognize.
quickly or right away.
to enter and attack.
to distribute, give away, or sell.
nuclear weapon Noun
explosive device that draws power from the splitting and combining of atomic nuclei.
to take control of a place, usually by force.
on time or quickly.
to give up.
land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.
unconditional surrender Noun
total surrender (giving up), in which no terms or guarantees are offered to the surrendering party.
complete or total.
World War II Noun
(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)