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On August 1, 1907, about 20 boys attended a weeklong camp on Brownsea Island, off the coast of Dorset, southern England. Organized by British General Robert Baden-Powell, this camp is recognized as the start of the international Scouting movement.
 
Baden-Powell had been impressed by the integrity and ingenuity of the teenage boys who served as scouts and messengers during the Boer War. After the war, Baden-Powell developed a popular series of books on basic orienteering, survival skills, and environmental awareness. In addition to these skills, the Brownsea Island camp included military drills, physical exercise, and Christian prayers. A year after the Brownsea Island camp, Baden-Powell helped found the Boy Scouts.
 
Today, the Scouting movement includes the Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, and Girl Scouts. More than 500 million people in more than 200 countries have participated in the Scouting movement. The countries with the largest Scouting groups are Indonesia, India, and the United States. 
Boer War
Noun

(1880-1881, 1899-1902) one of two wars waged between the British Empire and independent states led by descendants of Dutch settlers (Boers) in South Africa. The First Boer War was won by the Boers, the second by the British.

Christian
Noun

people and culture focused on the teachings of Jesus and his followers.

Noun

edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.

develop
Verb

to expand or grow.

drill
Noun

practiced, repetitive exercise, usually a part of training for something.

environment
Noun

conditions that surround and influence an organism or community.

ingenuity
Noun

cleverness or resourcefulness.

integrity
Noun

honor, or loyalty to moral and ethical principles.

international
Adjective

having to do with more than one country.

military
Noun

armed forces.

organize
Verb

to coordinate and give structure to.

orienteering
Noun

sport or activity where participants navigate a path or object using maps and compasses.

participate
Verb

to take part in an activity.

prayer
Noun

communication with a spiritual deity.

recognize
Verb

to identify or acknowledge.

scout
Noun

person sent to obtain information.

Scouting
Noun

participating in the activities of the Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts.

survival skills
Plural Noun

techniques or abilities that may be used to help you or others survive a dangerous situation.

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